Breaking the Barriers: A Comprehensive Guide to Epilepsy Diagnosis and Treatment

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Epilepsy is a medical condition that affects approximately one percent of the world’s population. While it can be genetic, it can also be caused by head injuries, brain tumors, or drug and alcohol use. The exact cause of epileptic seizures is not always clear, but treatment aims to prevent electrical disturbances and reduce the risk of recurrent seizures.

Half of epilepsy patients respond well to drug treatment and can live almost seizure-free lives. However, 30% require more complex treatment and 20% are resistant to drugs and may need surgery. Sometimes, seizures can be caused by temporary conditions such as drug exposure or abnormal blood levels, which can be resolved without recurrence of seizures. However, conditions like head injury, stroke, tumors, birth defects and metabolic diseases can lead to recurrent seizures.

Despite being a lifelong condition, modern drug treatments allow most epilepsy patients to lead normal lives with decreasing medication over time. Some patients may even be able to stop medication if they remain seizure-free for at least four years. Diagnosis of epilepsy involves an electroencephalograph (EEG) test which records brain waves over time to identify abnormalities that may require drug treatment. It’s important for people with epilepsy to seek medical attention for proper diagnosis and treatment plan.

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